Effects of STEM-focused Arduino practical activities on problem-solving and entrepreneurship skills


  • Ugur Sari Kirikkale University
  • Harun Çelik
  • Hüseyin Miraç Pektaş
  • Selinay Yalçın




STEM education, Arduino practical activities, physical computing, problem-solving skill, entrepreneurship


In this study, the effects of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) focused Arduino practical activities on problem-solving and entrepreneurship skills were analysed using qualitative and quantitative methods. Also, the contribution of these activities to teacher candidates and their effects on the learning-teaching process were discussed by evaluating their views. The study group consisted of 31 final-year teacher candidates studying in the science teaching department of a university in Turkey. The quantitative findings reveal that STEM-focused Arduino practical activities have a positive effect on improving the problem-solving and entrepreneurship skills of teacher candidates. Their opinions also support these results. The teacher candidates stated that the practical activities contribute to their professional development, support the development of 21st-century skills such as problem-solving and creativity and positively affect the learning-teaching process. As a result, STEM-focused Arduino practical activities are of significance in terms of adopting an interdisciplinary approach to education following the requirements of the century and developing problem-solving, entrepreneurial and productive individuals.

Implications for practice or policy:

  • STEM educators should integrate Arduino into STEM education to increase STEM learning outcomes.
  • STEM educators should attach importance to STEM-focused Arduino activities to develop students’ reflective thinking and entrepreneurial skills.
  • Educators and researchers who want to use coding in STEM education may need to consider this article for example activities and implementation steps.


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How to Cite

Sari, U., Çelik, H., Pektaş, H. M., & Yalçın, S. (2022). Effects of STEM-focused Arduino practical activities on problem-solving and entrepreneurship skills. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 38(3), 140–154. https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.7293