Students’ motivation types in the smart approach to ESP instruction

  • Ivana Simonova University of Ostrava https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9797-0393
  • Zuzana Prochazkova Jan Evangelista Purkyne University
  • Vladimir Lorenc Jan Evangelista Purkyne University
  • Jiri Skoda Jan Evangelista Purkyne University
Keywords: smart instruction, English for Specific Purposes (ESP), coordinator, explorer, accurator, director, Motivation Type Inventory (MTI)

Abstract

This article focuses on the smart approach applied in teaching two topics (referred to as learning contents) within English for Specific Purposes with regard to students’ motivation types. It introduces results of the research conducted in this field. The research is based on the definition of the term smart set by Silverio-Fernandez et al. (2018) and the theory of motivation types created by Plaminek (2010), who designed the standardised Motivation Type Inventory distinguishing four motivation types (accurators, coordinators, directors, explorers). Data were collected via didactic tests; quantitative methods were applied to calculate the potential increase in students’ knowledge as a difference between pre-test and post-test scores in the didactic tests. In total, 119 prospective teachers from the Faculty of Education and the Faculty of Science at Jan Evangelista Purkyne University participated in this research conducted via quasi-experimental ex-post-facto method for 12 weeks. The smart approach included the exploitation of smart devices and technologies (applications) in face-to-face instruction and in-home preparation for lessons. Three main hypotheses were set to prove whether the smart approach to ESP instruction can be applied to learners of all motivation types. According to the findings, the smart approach suited students of all motivation types; however, coordinators’ increase in knowledge was significantly higher compared to explorers and directors in one of the learning contents.

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Author Biographies

Ivana Simonova, University of Ostrava

She wa working at the Dpt. of Applied Languages, Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Kralove. Currently, she has been at the Dpt. of English language and didactics, Faculty of Education.

Zuzana Prochazkova, Jan Evangelista Purkyne University

She has been working at the Foreign Language Centre, Faculty of Education for 15 years. Her research focuses on didactics and ICT in teaching English.

Vladimir Lorenc, Jan Evangelista Purkyne University

He has been working at the Foreign Language Centre, Faculty of Education for 15 years. His research focuses on didactics and ICT in teaching English.

Jiri Skoda, Jan Evangelista Purkyne University

He has been working at the Faculty of Education for more than 20 years: Dpt. of Educational Science, Vice-dean for study affairs for 12 yrs., Dean for two years. His research activities focus on psychodidactics, neurodications, learning and motivation styles. 

Published
2021-05-10
How to Cite
Simonova, I., Prochazkova, Z., Lorenc, V., & Skoda, J. (2021). Students’ motivation types in the smart approach to ESP instruction. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 37(2), 66-80. https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.6677
Section
Special Issue 2021 – Smart Learning Environments