Mobile learning policy and practice in Africa: Towards inclusive and equitable access to higher education

Keywords: Mobile learning, policy, Africa, inclusive, equity, higher education

Abstract

This article presents the results of a review of practice and policy in relation to mobile learning and its potential to enhance inclusive and equitable access to higher education in Africa. We reviewed academic literature on potential barriers. Then, we explored the current state of the mobile learning policy environment in 10 African countries through an analysis of how these policies have tried to address the prominent challenges in the adoption of mobile learning as identified in the literature. The findings reveal that significant resourcing inequalities and epistemological, sociocultural, and institutional barriers remain and affect mobile learning adoption. The analysis also reveals that there is still a policy vacuum in relation to mobile learning specific policies within African higher education institutional and governmental policies. Thus, the formal integration of mobile learning in higher education to facilitate equitable access is very much in its infancy. This article suggests a strong need for institutional, cross-institutional, national and African-wide mobile learning specific policies to ensure better implementation of mobile learning. As interest in mobile learning continues to grow, this review will provide insights into policy and strategic planning for the adoption of mobile learning to achieve inclusive and equitable access to higher education.

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Author Biographies

Rogers Kaliisa, The University of Oslo

I am Rogers Kaliisa a Doctoral Research Fellow at the University of Oslo, Norway. My research interests are mobile learning, learning analytics, technology-enhanced learning.

Picard Michelle, The University of Newcastle, Australia

Michelle is an Associate Professor, Deputy Director English Language and Foundation Studies Centre, and Leader Course Enhancement Project, The University of Newcastle Australia. Her research interests are mobile learning, English as a Second Language.

Published
2019-12-28
How to Cite
Kaliisa, R., & Michelle, P. (2019). Mobile learning policy and practice in Africa: Towards inclusive and equitable access to higher education. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 35(6), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.5562
Section
Special Issue 2019 - Digital Equity