Middle-school students' online information problem solving behaviors on the information retrieval interface

  • Yi-Fen Yeh Science Education Center, National Taiwan Normal University
  • Ying-Shao Hsu Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University
  • Fu-Tai Chuang Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University
  • Fu-Kwun Hwang Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University

Abstract

With the near-overload of online information, it is necessary to equip our students with the skills necessary to deal with Information Problem Solving (IPS). This study also intended to help students develop major IPS strategies with the assistance of an instructor's scaffolding in a designed IPS course as well as on an Online Information Management (OIM) interface. Explicit strategies that students employed to organize information for final projects were identified and hierarchically leveled based on the cognitive complexity they required. Results from a correlation analysis showed a significantly positive relationship among students' project scores, IPS strategies (e.g. organizing information in a logical way), and explicit strategies (e.g. search terms), but no significant relationship involving implicit strategies. Further examinations showed the students with higher project scores had  advanced IPS and implicit strategies, while those with intermediate or lower scores likely over- or under-estimated their utilisation of implicit strategies. That is, self-efficacy surveys can be discriminative instruments if students have good self-monitoring abilities. Another feature of the students with high proficiency on IPS was the use of full sentences when using search engines, which implied less demands for the exactitude in search term selection due to the advances of search engines.

 

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Author Biographies

Yi-Fen Yeh, Science Education Center, National Taiwan Normal University
Yi-Fen Yeh, Assistant Research Fellow
Ying-Shao Hsu, Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University
Ying-Shao Hsu, Research Chair Professor of National Taiwan Normal University / Professor of Graduate Institute of Science Education & Department of Earth Sciences
Fu-Tai Chuang, Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University
Fu-Tai Chuang, PhD Candidate and Honored High-school Teacher
Fu-Kwun Hwang, Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University

Fu-Kwun Hwang, Professor in Department of Physics

Published
2014-05-13
How to Cite
Yeh, Y.-F., Hsu, Y.-S., Chuang, F.-T., & Hwang, F.-K. (2014). Middle-school students’ online information problem solving behaviors on the information retrieval interface. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 30(2). https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.478