TPACK leveraged: A redesigned online educational technology course for STEM preservice teachers


  • Duygu Umutlu Bogazici University



TPACK, online teacher education, programming, computing education, STEM preservice teachers


Integration of computational thinking and programming into science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) classes is needed to promote students’ learning of twenty-first century skills. Yet, teachers are not equipped to achieve this integration successfully as teacher education curricula do not generally align with this need. With the Covid-19 outbreak, curricula also need to be adapted for online environments. This qualitative study presents the redesign of an educational technology course that introduces programming and computational thinking to STEM preservice teachers for online settings, and explores learning experiences of preservice teachers, in terms of how they combine technological knowledge with pedagogy and content. Data were collected from course artifacts, such as reading responses, coding challenges, and lesson designs and implementations. The findings showed the online course design was helpful in enhancing preservice STEM teachers’ pedagogical approaches of how to teach computational thinking and programming. Offering hands-on coding practices in the course allowed preservice teachers to improve their technological knowledge (programming), and they were able to integrate their technological pedagogical knowledge into their content area and design meaningful lessons. The study offers implications for design of online teacher education courses that promote preservice teachers’ technological pedagogical content knowledge for computational thinking and programming.

Implications for practice or policy:

  • The online course design implemented in this study can be adjusted into different contexts, considering that fully-online or blended teacher education courses will still be needed in the future.
  • The design guidelines used in this study can be utilised to develop online teacher education modules for educational technology topics other than programming.
  • The question prompts given to preservice teachers in the study can be refined to trigger deeper reflection on pedagogy of computing education.


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How to Cite

Umutlu, D. (2022). TPACK leveraged: A redesigned online educational technology course for STEM preservice teachers. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 38(3), 104–121.