Developing the rotational synchronous teaching (RST) model: Examination of the connected classroom climate

Yanhong Lee, Harrison Hao Yang, Jason MacLeod, Jinjun Dai


The multiple synchronous smart classroom learning environment (MSSC) is an alternative educational context that describes several active learning classrooms, connected through synchronous broadcasting technology. MSSC provides conceptually new capabilities to maximise both student learning and instructor efficiency. However, MSSC lacks an empirically validated instructional model, which limits effectiveness, particularly in relation to student interaction. Therefore, this study designed, developed, and implemented the rotational synchronous teaching (RST) model: a practical instructional approach for simultaneously teaching large student audiences, while maintaining smaller interactive classroom atmospheres. The RST model was tested in a mixed method research design that relied on survey (n = 305) and interview (n = 8) data of college students collected at the conclusion of the spring semester 2017. The effects of this RST model on student connected classroom climate obtained results matching previous research in traditional face-to-face classroom contexts. These preliminary findings indicate that the MSSC can effectively cultivate social interaction among students in a large instructional context with an approapriate instructional approach. The results of this study also suggest the need to expand future research toward comparative methodologies that examine additional variables, including academic achievement.


connected classroom climate; connectedness; rotational synchronous teacher; instructional model; higher education

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