Towards a pre-teen typology of digital media


  • Mick Grimley University of Canterbury
  • Mary Allan University of Canterbury



Whilst prior research has identified children as avid users of new technologies, insufficient studies have explored their patterns of use. This paper investigates how New Zealand pre-teens use technology out of school and identifies a typology of technology use. Two hundred and twenty four children between 10 and 12 years of age completed a comprehensive questionnaire about their use of technology. Results indicated that children of this age were immersed in technology related activities. A principal components factor analysis revealed a typology with five distinct factors underlying pre-teen digital behaviour. Two factors showed some differentiation by gender but differences were not evident for socio-economic factors.


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Author Biographies

Mick Grimley, University of Canterbury

School of Education Studies and Human Development,
University of Canterbury

Mary Allan, University of Canterbury

School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Canterbury




How to Cite

Grimley, M., & Allan, M. (2010). Towards a pre-teen typology of digital media. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26(5).